COVID-19 Epidemic: Themes for research

The epidemics of human history have always resulted in unresolved and sometimes incomparable problems that require great thinkers to solve. Researchers are positive opportunists who do not settle on their efforts to investigate the ‘what’, ‘when’, ‘who’ and ‘how’ situations just to bring relief to mankind. With the current outbreak, researchers in various disciplines must provide a new lens to understand the outbreak and, more importantly, provide urgent solutions to related challenges that threaten the survival of human structures.

Following the outbreak of the Kovid-19 epidemic worldwide, scholars in the Department of Health and Science have begun investigating etiology, epidemiology, pathophysiology, histopathology, clinical evaluation / treatment / management, and the diagnosis of COVID-19. A study of the works of scholars in this field shows the great contribution of Asian researchers, especially from China, where its prevalence began. These diligent researchers have never leaned towards their efforts in clinically investigating what should be done to fight the virus. These remarkable researchers continue to follow this path even in dangerous work situations that resulted in some people being harmed. They have proven and demonstrated what researchers always have to do to constantly search for solutions to alleviate the pain of their fellow human beings even during epidemics. But their colleagues in other countries need to do more. Medical scientists are needed to investigate the novel coronavirus genome sequence in different regions of the world. Interestingly, other scholars in the field of medicine are actively investigating the phenomenon in order to raise awareness about coronavirus, suggest preventive measures and, more importantly, find cures and vaccines to fight it. For example, when medical scientists search through the lenses of orthodox medicine, herbalists are experimenting with the use of herbal extracts to produce drugs that can boost immunity and / or provide a strong immune buffer to fight the coronavirus. This effort is commendable. Further work should be done to examine COVID-19 patients, look for contact, and find more effective ways to take precautionary / preventive measures against the coronavirus.

Researchers in the field of engineering, especially computer and mechanical engineering, are developing technologies to help curb the spread of COVID-19. As a summary of the manual application of lockdowns, digital technologies such as design and robotops have been designed and used in several countries. Similarly, mobile technologies such as the development of new applications for the communication of COVID-19 patients and those with whom they are in contact are being designed. For example, MIT researchers are developing a system based on artificial intelligence as a complement to manual communication tracing conducted by public health workers that relies on short-range Bluetooth signals from smartphones. In South Africa, ambulances equipped with automated test kits and laboratory services designed as a result of diligent research are being used in testing and tracking of people with COVID-19 even in remote, hard-to-reach areas. In Ghana, the Ministry of Health recently launched the COVID-19 app to identify infected people or those who have been carriers of the COVID-19 virus. These technologies have been developed as a result of rigorous study by some mechanical engineers as well as computer hardware and software engineers to assist in the fight against Kovid-19. More technological tools are still needed to combat coronavirus, and researchers dedicated to engineering are at the regular table to investigate this possibility.

Researchers in agriculture have done a great job of fun for them. Countries have a high record of posthurst losses as a result of the lockdown. What are the effective ways to mitigate post-harvest losses during epidemics and lockdowns? How can farmers use online marketing strategies and platforms to connect with clients to protect their products from high financial losses? What can the Ministry of Food and Agriculture do to help these poor farmers manage the lockdown crisis? What are some effective ways that food processing companies can process perishable farm produce into perishable products? This is a great theme worthy of investigation by agriculturists during the outbreak of this epidemic. Sadly, these areas have not yet been studied.

The COVID-19 epidemic has severely damaged the tourism and hospitality management sector. Many scheduled tours and tourism activities have been canceled due to travel bans and lockdowns. It is estimated that the global tourism sector will lose up to about two billion dollars in high revenue. During this time researchers in tourism and hospitality management can consider virtual ways of marketing these tourist sites through intensive research into smart tourism and e-tourism. This growing field of tourism has not received much attention, especially in developing countries. It should be time for this epidemic that researchers in this field will discover ways to increase public awareness about smart tourism and e-tourism.

Scholars such as sociologists, anthropologists, and culturologists, such as sociologists and anthropologists, have been working to investigate the socio-economic effects of the COVID-19 outbreak. Also, an assessment of the economic impact of COVID-19 on business activities, e-business, e-marketing, e-banking and other electronic forms of conducting business activities should be explored. Social and cultural anthropologists should explore the cultural and social perceptions of different people in different parts of the world about the coronavirus and suggest the application of culturally relevant interventions to combat the spread of the COVD-1P epidemic. Likewise, psychologists and psychiatrists must advise on stigma and discrimination against Covid-19 patients and their relatives, as well as ways to deal with traumatic reactions from counternosis.

In addition, it is time for educational technologists to come out with an active method of online instruction through a variety of learning management systems, intelligent tutoring systems and social media platforms. Artists must create animated cartoons and other forms of symbols in e-formats to combat the myths and misinformation about the treatment of COVID-19 online, and eliminate all stigma and discrimination against tested people for COVID-19. Of course, this time around, researchers in all areas of the study need to collaborate to find pluralistic ways to combat the COVID-19 global epidemic.

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